e-book Lead-Based Paint Handbook (Topics in Applied Chemistry)

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There has been a change in outlook, and in the U. Congress banned all lead paint from residential structures.

The HUD Guidelines for the Evaluation and Control of Lead-based Paint in Housing

A voluminous number of law suits have been initiated since, and continue to be litigated with the purpose of determining the parties responsible for the lead poisoning of children and others and to exact the indemnities. Lead-based paint is still authorized for use on bridges and nonresidential structures, and thousands of city, state, military, and federal government housing projects still contain lead-based paint.

This paint must be removed if these dwellings are to be safe living quarters, especially for children. Aba- ment techniques continue to be evaluated; some have been used successfully. Lead-based paint abatement will continue into the next century, and it is hoped that this comprehensive volume will serve as a guide for those seriously interested in this important subject.

Typ produktu. Checking them is common sense, but necessary. In small firms, employers understand their work and can identify hazards and assess risks themselves. There are many information sources such as Authority produced Codes of Practices, and guidelines available to support employers when compiling Safety Statements See the Publications section of this website. Consultation should always take place with the employees, including safety representatives, as they are the ones doing the work and dealing with the hazards on a daily basis.

This Safety Statement specifies the manner in which the safety, health and welfare at work of his or her employees shall be secured and managed. This Safety Statement is specific and unique to each place of work. An employer using a generic Safety Statement would not be compliant with Sections 19 and 20 of the Act. Employers can also use the other templates detailed in the sector specific Publications produced by the Authority. An Authority inspector may review a Safety Statement during an inspection of a workplace.

A comprehensive Safety Statement, if properly implemented, is a practical tool for reducing accidents and ill health at work. For small to medium-sized businesses, the preparation of a Safety Statement should be simple and straightforward.

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In developing a safety and health management programme for an organisation, there are 6 important steps to be followed in preparing a Safety Statement. The declaration should give a commitment to ensuring that a workplace is as safe and healthy as reasonably practicable and that all relevant statutory requirements will be complied with.

This declaration should spell out the policy in relation to overall safety and health performance, provide a framework for managing safety and health, and list relevant objectives. Because the Safety Statement must be relevant at all times to the safety and health of employees and others in the workplace, the policy declaration should indicate that the Safety Statement will be revised as changes occur and evaluated at set intervals. It should also indicate how the relevant contents of the Statement are to be brought to the attention of employees and any other people in the workplace who might be affected by the Statement.

The first step in safeguarding safety and health is to identify hazards from materials, equipment, chemicals and work activities. The employer is required to systematically examine the workplace and work activities to identify workplace-generated hazards.

If an employer controls more than one work location, different types of work activity or changing work locations as in road repairs or building work , it may be necessary to prepare a Safety Statement that has separate sections dealing with the different locations or activities. Employers will be familiar with the hazards associated with the type of work they are involved in.

But to identify the main hazards and put risks in their true perspective, employers can also check:. Some hazards are obvious, such as unguarded moving parts of machinery, dangerous fumes, electricity, working at heights, or moving heavy loads.

Epub Lead Based Paint Handbook Topics In Applied Chemistry

Less obvious, but at the root of many accidents, are hazards presented by untidy workplaces and poor maintenance. In the case of some hazards, such as excessive noise, it may take months or even years before damage materialises. In most small firms in the office, retail, commercial, service and light industrial sector, the hazards and hazardous work activities are few and simple. For larger firms, a responsible experienced employee or a competent safety and health adviser should be used.

This person must be familiar with the hazards which are relevant to the workplace under review. This checklist provides a systematic, though not exhaustive, approach to identifying hazards in the workplace. This checklist covers physical hazards, health hazards, chemical hazards, biological agents hazards and human-factor hazards. A template which can be used for carrying out a Risk Assessment is available in the Guidelines on Risk Assessments and Safety Statements.

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Employers do not have to use this format in order to comply with section Employers may already have in place some safety measures. The Risk Assessment will tell whether these are adequate. Employers must ensure they have done all that the law requires. All safety and health laws provide guidance on how to assess the risks and establish appropriate safeguards. For example, there are legal requirements on preventing access to dangerous parts of machinery. Then, it must also be ensured that generally accepted industry standards are in place.

However, do not necessarily stop at that, because the law also says that you must do what is reasonably practicable to keep the workplace safe. The real aim is to make all risks small by adding to existing precautions if necessary. Employers need to consider if the hazard can be eliminated altogether or if the job can be changed in any way so as to make it safer and, if not, what safety precautions are necessary to control this risk? The Safety Statement is the place to record the significant findings of the Risk Assessments.

This means writing down the more significant hazards and recording the most important conclusions. Employers should inform employees about their findings. The employer should also state in the Safety Statement where other relevant documentation is retained.

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The Safety Statement needs to be relevant at all times. Implementing the Safety Statement should be an integral part of everyday operations. A copy of the Statement or relevant extracts of it must be kept available for inspection at or near every workplace to which it relates.


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Hence, it may be necessary to revise it whenever there are changes, or when Risk Assessments are carried out and improvements made that have an impact on safety and health. Such changes may include changes in work processes, organisational structure, equipment or substances used, technical knowledge, and legislation or standards. Changes in the workforce may also have an impact, e.

However, it is not necessary to amend the Safety Statement for every trivial change, or for each new job, but if a new job introduces significant new hazards, you need to assess the Risks Assessments and implement the necessary prevention measures.


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Planning is the key to ensuring that the safety and health efforts really work. It involves setting objectives, assessing the risks, implementing standards of performance and developing a safety culture. The employer should record the safety and health plans in the Safety Statement. Such planning should provide for:. Where the in-house expertise is not available, employ the services of an external competent person to help.

Check that they are familiar with your work activities, have worked with this sector before and have the ability to assess specific work activities. Involve as many employees as possible in order to encourage them to share ownership of the finished Assessments.

Many of the Authority prepared Codes of Practice, Guidance and Information Sheets contain Risk Assessment templates for specific sectors and can also be used for this purpose. See also the Publications section of this website for further details. Employers are required to do all that is reasonably practicable to minimise the risk of injury or damage to the safety and health of their employees. Employers will have done all that is reasonably practicable if they have:.

The Safety Statement must specify the arrangements to be used for consultation with and participation by employees on safety and health matters. These would include the procedures to facilitate effective co-operation and communication on safety and health matters between the employer and employees.

http://tridosa.hu/wp-content/106/453.php Consultation and participation arrangements and the extent of their usage will depend on the size and complexity of the organisation. This may range from informal one to one discussions to a more formal safety committee. Consultation areas include:. For more information relating to safety representation and safety consultation, see the FAQs on Safety Representation and Safety Consultation. Employers must also consult safety representatives and others who may be affected by the review.